Vengeancia (updated Sept. 2017) Voluntaryism, or voluntarism, is a philosophy that opposes anything that it sees as unjustifiably invasive and coercive. Voluntaryism regards “government” as coercive, and calls for its abolishment, but, unlike a number of other anarchist philosophies, it supports strong property rights which it regards as a natural law that is compatible with non-coercion. Are you a Person? Are you volunteering for your enslavement?
“All governments must maintain power through consent, not coercion.” Barack Obama 2011
General – All corpus delicti requires at a minimum: 1) The occurrence of the specific injury; and 2) some intentional, knowing act as the source of the injury. For example:
- Homicide – 1.) An individual has died; and 2.) As a result of action (or inaction) by another person.
- Larceny – 1.) Property missing; and 2.) Because it was stolen
“In essence Corpus delecti of crimes refers to a palpable harm. Where there is no violation of an established right there can be no wrong. Rights are of two kinds and they are “of the person” (jura personarum) and “to control external objects”, (jura rerum). Wrongs are also of two kinds and they are either public or private. Public wrongs are called crimes or public offenses whereas private wrongs are called torts and either involve the breach of a duty of care, a wrongful trespass against the person or property of another and breaches of agreement or contract.
“In every instance there must be a palpable harm or injury to the rights of another coupled with mens rea (or guilty mind) or in the alternative an element of negligence so severe as to be called criminal. For a more in-depth explanation, see Sir William Blackstone’s Commentaries, Book 1 beginning about pg 52.” Read more. “I sincerely believe… that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity under the name of funding is but swindling futurity on a large scale.” Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor, 1816
Why You are Entitled to Remedy Using a Fee Schedule The govt. is a corporation, established in 1871 by the District of Columbia Act. The State: It’s Just an Act! Read about the Rape of America and the Constitution for the United States. Watch this interview with Ayn Rand. I like many aspects of Rand’s philosophy. Some I don’t like too much. Primarily, I agree with her philosophy of Voluntaryism. Have you noticed that the modern State acting in a sovereign capacity wants everyone to recognize and submit to its authority? The term justice is another word appropriately used in a state or society ruled by sovereign powers, as distinguished from limited constitutional powers… Read more.
The conquerors employed force to give effect to their judgments and thus the legal sanction — the use of force to maintain the social and political structure — was founded. Customs could then be maintained only if they were recognized and backed by the conquerors. The mingling of peoples brought about by conquest resulted in a conflict of competing customs which could be settled only in the court of the conqueror. When the court rendered judgment, law was declared, established, and sanctified. The American Peoples Encyclopedia, Grolier Incorp., 1968, vol. 11, p. 280, “Law”
Arguments for self-ownership
Quit Working for The Federal Corporation! It has been argued by Austrian School economist Hans-Hermann Hoppe that self-ownership is axiomatic. His reasoning is that a person contradicts himself when he argues against self-ownership. The person making this argument is caught in a “performative contradiction” because, in choosing to use persuasion instead of force to have others agree that they are not sovereign over themselves, that person implicitly grants that those who he is trying to persuade have a right to disagree. If they have a right to disagree, then they have legitimate authority over themselves. However, it has also been noted that attempting persuasion in place of force does not necessarily acknowledge a right to disagree but may be a rational economic choice, as using force may have unfortunate consequences for the speaker as well.
The person argues that self-ownership is an undesirable condition, and currently he is only authorized by law to argue against the status quo that allows self-ownership. Moreover, someone that argues against self-ownership does not necessarily do it in an absolute way. Sovereignty does not need to be a black-and-white issue: for instance, the person could be sovereign to have opinions, but not to perform any kinds of acts. For instance, a person that thinks the consumption of drugs should be always illegal is against absolute self-ownership, but not necessarily in favor of full subordination.
In The Ethics of Liberty, Murray Rothbard argues that 100 percent self-ownership is the only principle compatible with a moral code that applies to every person – a “universal ethic” – and that it is a natural law by being what is naturally best for man. He says if every person is not entitled to full self-ownership, then there are only two alternatives: “(1) the ‘communist’ one of Universal and Equal Other-ownership, or (2) Partial Ownership of One Group by Another – a system of rule by one class over another.” He says that it is not possible for alternative (2) to be a universal ethic but only a partial ethic, which says that one class of people do not have the right of self-ownership but another class does. This, therefore, is incompatible with what is being sought – a moral code applicable to every person – instead of a code applicable to some and not to others, as if some individuals are humans and some are not….”
The goal of voluntaryism is the supplantation of the state by a voluntary order, in which political authority is reverted to the individual, and association among people occurs only by mutual consent. Voluntaryists believe voluntaryism itself should be the means to achieve this goal, rather than forceful action. The term voluntaryism is often used today as a synonym for free-market anarchist or anarcho-capitalist philosophies. The voluntaryist movement, however, is distinct in its rejection of electoral politics. Because they consider electoral politics to be counterproductive or immoral, voluntaryists seek to dismantle the state by non-political means.