Courts, Bonds, Warrants, Liens etc.

“There’s no way to rule innocent men. The only power any government has is the power to crack down on criminals.  Well, when there aren’t enough criminals, one makes them. One declares so many things to be a crime that it becomes impossible for men to live without breaking laws.” Atlas Shrugged by Ayan Rand

 Be sure to check out these blurbs at Freedom School re: Admiralty. In America, as Phillip Dru predicted, all crimes are commercial:

“Very soon, every American will be required to register their biological property [that’s you and your children] in a national system designed to keep track of the people and that will operate under the ancient system of pledging. By such methodology, we can compel people to submit to our agenda, which will affect our security as a charge back for our fiat paper currency. Every American will be forced to register or suffer being able to work and earn a living. They will be our chattels (property) and we will hold the security interest over them forever, by operation of the law merchant under the scheme of secured transactions.”

Here’s Lloyd’s Standard Form Salvage Agreement pdf.

The mere fact that men and women are running about freely on the land known as North America does not create liability for the United States’ corporate debt. However, U.S. Citizens are presumed to be debtors by police, attorneys, judges, etc. working for the de facto corporation who observe that free men and women on the land seem to be agreeing to accept rulership and liability for the debt of the corporation dba the Govt. of the US of A.

When we register our births, our cars, our homes, to vote, etc. , we create what’s called “adhesion contracts.” Obtaining the marriage license for couples and the birth certificate registration for the children creates the presumption that the newlyweds have consented to BE “persons,” legal fictions represented by our lawful so-called Christian name, except in ALL CAPS. This is aka the “strawman.”

When you hire an Attorney, you have consented to exchange your unalienable Rights as a flesh and blood “people” for civil privileges as a non-living entity, a salvageable object, a trust, a corporation, a “person.” How do you counter this presumption? Read about Stating a Claim.

People who are resident within the territorial jurisdiction of the corp. dba the US of A are known as “persons” and subject to the State’s Statutes.

Obtaining and using a social security number & driver’s license, etc., provides presumptive evidence of the man’s or woman’s consent to be the State’s “salvagable property.” Cops and others operate upon the presumption that you do not know your Rights, obviously, and that you have consented to allow the State to recover your body as if it were an abandoned ship.

Read about forfeiture of state-owned property. Also, read about the doctrine of Parens Patriae.

In America, slavery is illegal.  So the Elite invented VOLUNTARY servitude pursuant to the 14th Amendment. As soon as you consent to be a “person,” you consent to be enslaved. Barack Obama reminded us recently that all contact from those acting like our govt., under color of law, is by our consent.

Imagine a dog running around without the owner’s knowledge. The dog catcher picks it up and takes it to the doggie jail. When the owner realizes the dog is missing and shows up at the impound to retrieve it, he or she may be asked to pay a small fee for the dog catcher’s service. If there’s no injury, harm, or loss to anyone, then the owner can’t be accused of committing any crime. Just as the dog catcher cannot keep your dog forever, these people acting like your govt. cannot throw you in their jails indefinitely and charge you with committing crimes in the absence of harm, injury, or loss. Or can they?

Well, what if YOUR owner never shows up?

We can rebut the State’s presumption that we do not own ourselves as our own “property” by effectively noticing the corporation that we do not consent to be treated as government’s “salvageable property.”

 Liens, Warrants, etc.

When men and women are presumed to have consented to the jurisdiction of the corp., and we are noticed by police officers and/or other employees of the local municipal corporation of a violation of a statute, we are instructed to “appear” at court. If we fail to “appear” in court and/or fail to pay the “charges,” that we are assumed to owe to the municipal corporation, then they declare us guilty of a VPTA, or Violation of Promise to Appear and place a lien on our strawman, or issue a commercial warrant.

A personal property lien is a legal claim against an item for the value of an unpaid debt. The requirements to get a personal property lien vary from one jurisdiction to another.

There are various situations that can result in a personal property lien. For example, a mechanic may complete repairs on a vehicle only to have the owner claim that she is unable to pay. The mechanic may then take the necessary steps to place a lien against the vehicle. This secures his financial interest in it. The mechanic must show that he or she is in possession of the car lawfully by showing that the owner consented to the work. The mechanic must show an agreement or contract with the owner to do the work.

Be sure to check out Commercial Liens: A Most Potent Weapon

In financial transactions, a warrant is a written order from a first person that instructs a second person to pay a specified recipient a specific amount of money or goods at a specific time.The warrant may or may not be negotiable and may authorize payment to the warrant holder on demand or after a maturity date.

A negotiable instrument is a document guaranteeing the payment of a specific amount of money, either on demand, or at a set time. According to the Section 13 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 in India, a negotiable instrument means a promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque payable either to order or to bearer. So, there are just three types of negotiable instruments such as promissory note, bill of exchange and cheque. Cheque also includes Demand Draft [Section 85A].

More specifically, it is a document contemplated by a contract, which (1) warrants the payment of money, the promise of or order for conveyance of which is unconditional; (2) specifies or describes the payee, who is designated on and memorialized by the instrument; and (3) is capable of change through transfer by valid negotiation of the instrument.

As payment of money is promised subsequently, the instrument itself can be used by the holder in due course as a store of value; although, instruments can be transferred for amounts in contractual exchange that are less than the instrument’s face value (known as “discounting”). Under United States law, Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code as enacted in the applicable State law governs the use of negotiable instruments, except banknotes (“Federal Reserve Notes”, aka “paper dollars“).

In some jurisdictions, a personal property lien can be obtained anytime there is an unsatisfied debt. In other jurisdictions, however, the debt must be at least a certain amount. Generally, a person must own the item for a lien to be placed against it. A mechanic is not likely to be allowed to place a lien against a rental car that is brought to him for repairs by the renter.

America is operated, currently, like a Big House Prison, a Slave Plantation System. Washington Post reporter Donna L. Franklin conducted a literature review concerning black families during and after the emancipatory period of the mid 1800s. Her research reveals a common theme in social scientists’ treatment of enslaved and recently emancipated families: status. Individuals who were skilled in carpentry and domestic service were less likely to be sold. Thus, these individuals were more likely to maintain two-parent households in which the parents were not separated. Field laborers, on the other hand, were more likely to contend with separation from loved ones. Read more.

Similarly, in modern-day America, skilled & educated workers are more likely to get out and stay out of jail by being able to pay all of the escalating bills, licenses, fees, taxes, fines, tickets, etc. However, unskilled and uneducated workers are more likely to be thrown into jail and thus separated from their families and loved ones for long periods of time.

Be sure to check out the Uniform Commercial Code.

“Surety” – The Insurance Company. This is the specific subcontractor who works for the municipal corporation/franchise, usually the prosecuting attorney. It is the party, the “actor” who initiates the instrument, the action, and secures the “charges” to be paid in the event that the principal/slave fails to fulfill his or her presumed obligation. The judge and/or magistrate is the cashier who receives the payment on behalf of the attorney. He takes the payment in money or in blood.

“Principal” or “Obligor” – The all-caps name. The contr-actors/slaves building the Big House. This is we, the people. We are the slaves on the plantation who are being “charged.” We are the “contrary actors” to the “actors” bringing the charges. When we submit to the jurisdiction, we create the contract and take on the surety. They throw us the hot potato and we catch it.

“Obligee” or “Owner” – The masters that the Big House is being built for. This is the corp. dba the US of A, including congress, the supreme court, and the president. They create the blueprint, via acts, bills and statutes, and we the contr-actors are liable for following their design to ensure that the Big House will be built according to the owners’ (the banksters’) specifications. Ultimately, in their perfect New World Order, everyone is enslaved and or murdered.

Check out Obama Mentor Wanted Americans Put in Re-Education Camps.

In a surety bond, an obligor is the principal or party bound by an obligation. Under a surety bond, both the principal and the surety are obligors, as the surety must respond should the principal default.

In American law, it is presumed that we, the people, have CONSENTED to be the obligor=principal=surety for the debt of the US of A. A rebuttable presumption is a conclusion as to the existence or nonexistence of a fact that a judge or jury must draw when certain evidence has been introduced and admitted as true in a lawsuit but that can be contradicted by evidence to the contrary.

A rebuttable presumption can be overturned only if the evidence contradicting it is true and if a reasonable person of average intelligence could logically conclude from the evidence that the presumption is no longer valid. For example, a person who has been judicially declared incompetent is presumed incompetent unless there is sufficient proof, usually in the form of medical testimony, that the person has regained competency.

When you signed forms to apply for a driver’s license, you agreed to comply with requests by law enforcement officers. For example, a breath test can be administered roadside or at any location; blood and urine testing can only be performed at a medical facility or detention facility.

All states have ‘implied consent laws. In some States you may even find this information in the fine print on your driver’s license. The laws you are subjected to are those of the State in which you were arrested, not the State where you obtained your driver’s license.

It’s important that men and women who desire to be free 1) create an affirmation to serve as presumptive evidence of their freedom and 2) decline to enter into contracts with the corporation and municipalities including obtaining driver’s licenses, etc., which have all kinds of hidden agreements. To make use of roads, a U.S. passport, consular card, etc. should provide sufficient identification to anyone who asks.

What is a Warrant?

1. General: (1) Formal and explicit approval. (2) Document (instrument) that confers authority or justifies an act that is otherwise neither permissible nor legal.
2. Law: Legal authorization (writ) issued by a court to (1) search a place and seize specified items if found there (called search warrant), or (2) arrest or detain specified person or persons (called arrest warrant). Although no hearing is required for issuing a warrant, and no prior notice need be given to the party against whom it operates, the court must be provided with reasonable cause (usually through an affidavit) to justify the request for its issuance.
3. Securities trading: (1) Long-term certificate issued by a firm giving the holder the right to purchase its securities at a stipulated price (exercise price) in the future.
Warrants are negotiable instruments that usually serve to enhance the marketability of corporate bonds or preferred stock (preference shares). They are similar to call-options but are issued by firms and not by futures exchanges, and have much longer time spans. Also called subscription warrant. (2) Alternative term for coupon.

Implied consent laws include:

o Producing a driver’s license and proof of insurance when asked
o Consenting to blood, urine, or breath tests to determine your blood-alcohol content if requested.
o Performing field sobriety tests if requested.

In the Court Rules for Colorado, we find:

Meaning of “Court”.

Wherever used in section (d) the word “court” means

a court in which a principal has undertaken by bond to appear.

(d) Forfeiture.

(1) Declaration. If there is a breach of condition of a bond, the court shall declare a forfeiture of the bail.

(2) Setting Aside.The court may direct that a forfeiture be set aside, upon such conditions as the court may impose, if it appears that justice does not require the enforcement of the forfeiture.

(3) Enforcement When Forfeiture Not Set Aside. By entering into a bond each obligor, whether the principal or a surety

submits to the jurisdiction of the court.

Liability under the bond may be enforced, without the necessity of an independent action, as follows:

The court shall order the issuance of a citation directed to the obligor to show cause, if any there be, why judgment should not be entered forthwith and execution issue thereon.

Said citation shall issue promptly may be served personally or by first class mail upon the obligor directed to the addresses given in the bond.

Hearing on the citation shall be held not less than twenty days after service. The defendant and the prosecution shall be given notice of the hearing. At the conclusion of the hearing, the court may enter a judgment against the obligor, and execution shall issue thereon as on other judgments.

(4) Remission. After entry of such judgment, the court may remit it in whole or in part under the conditions applying to the setting aside of forfeiture in paragraph (2) of this section (d). If a bond forfeiture has been paid into the general fund of the municipality, the appropriate city or town official shall be notified of the order for remission.

(5) Meaning of “Court”. Wherever used in section (d) the word “court” means a court in which a principal has undertaken by bond to appear.

Now, here is my understanding of this court rule:

Court means a court in which an actor (contr-actor) who is alleged to be responsible for the criminal offense takes the responsibility to appear by a written guarantee or pledge.

So I am concluding that there is no “court” without a man or woman taking the place of the “actor” (contr-actor). If no actor (contr-actor) presents himself or herself, then there is no “court.”

So if we want to avoid the corporate jurisdiction issue, one should never enter into a bond to promise to appear and one should never go in his or her flesh and blood body to a “court.” Instead, one should, if it advantageous to one’s self, send a messenger to the court to speak on one’s behalf, and to tell the people there that they are without authority. They have the burden to prove the existence of a contract and/or authority.

I was able to prove this point by having a friend go to court for me and speak on my behalf. The judge was unable to gain jurisdiction because I was not present and because I never agreed to anything.

I am now getting ready to sue them all in court and I shall bring in the “unwritten common Law”.

So here are some definitions:

Under criminal law, a principal is any actor (contr-actor) who is primarily responsible for a criminal offense. Such an actor is distinguished from others who may also be subject to criminal liability as he or she has undertaken to do something, to try to do something, or to take the responsibility of doing something.

bond n. 1) written evidence of debt issued by a company with the terms of payment spelled out. A bond differs from corporate shares of stock since bond payments are pre-determined and provide a final pay-off date, while stock dividends vary depending on profitability and corporate decisions to distribute.

There are two types of such bonds: “registered” in which the name of the owner is recorded by the company and “bearer” in which interest payments are made to whomever is holding the bond.

2) written guaranty or pledge which is purchased from a bonding company (usually an insurance firm) or by an individual as security (called a “bondsman”) to guarantee some form of performance, including showing up in court (“bail bond”), properly complete construction or other contract terms (“performance bond”), for example, that the bonded party will not steal or mismanage funds, that a purchased article is the real thing, or that title is good. If there is a failure, then the bonding company will make good up to the amount of the bond.

Uniform Commercial Code

U.C.C. – ARTICLE 3 – NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
..PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS AND DEFINITIONS

§ 3-104. NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENT.

  • (a) Except as provided in subsections (c) and (d), negotiable instrument” means an unconditional promise or order to pay a fixed amount of money, with or without interest or other charges described in the promise or order, if it:
    • (1) is payable to bearer or to order at the time it is issued or first comes into possession of a holder;
    • (2) is payable on demand or at a definite time; and
    • (3) does not state any other undertaking or instruction by the person promising or ordering payment to do any act in addition to the payment of money, but the promise or order may contain (i) an undertaking or power to give, maintain, or protect collateral to secure payment, (ii) an authorization or power to the holder to confess judgment or realize on or dispose of collateral, or (iii) a waiver of the benefit of any law intended for the advantage or protection of an obligor.
  • (b) Instrument” means a negotiable instrument.
  • (c) An order that meets all of the requirements of subsection (a), except paragraph (1), and otherwise falls within the definition of “check” in subsection (f) is a negotiable instrument and a check.
  • (d) A promise or order other than a check is not an instrument if, at the time it is issued or first comes into possession of a holder, it contains a conspicuous statement, however expressed, to the effect that the promise or order is not negotiable or is not an instrument governed by this Article.
  • (e) An instrument is a note” if it is a promise and is a draft” if it is an order. If an instrument falls within the definition of both “note” and “draft,” a person entitled to enforce the instrument may treat it as either.
  • (f) Check” means (i) a draft, other than a documentary draft, payable on demand and drawn on a bank or (ii) a cashier’s check or teller’s check. An instrument may be a check even though it is described on its face by another term, such as “money order.”
  • (g) Cashier’s check” means a draft with respect to which the drawer and drawee are the same bank or branches of the same bank.
  • (h) Teller’s check” means a draft drawn by a bank (i) on another bank, or (ii) payable at or through a bank.
  • (i) Traveler’s check” means an instrument that (i) is payable on demand, (ii) is drawn on or payable at or through a bank, (iii) is designated by the term “traveler’s check” or by a substantially similar term, and (iv) requires, as a condition to payment, a countersignature by a person whose specimen signature appears on the instrument.
  • (j) Certificate of deposit” means an instrument containing an acknowledgment by a bank that a sum of money has been received by the bank and a promise by the bank to repay the sum of money. A certificate of deposit is a note of the bank.

Uniform Commercial Code

U.C.C. – ARTICLE 3 – NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
..PART 6. DISCHARGE AND PAYMENT

§ 3-605. DISCHARGE OF INDORSERS AND ACCOMMODATION PARTIES.

  • (a) In this section, the term “indorser” includes a drawer having the obligation described in Section 3-414(d).
  • (b) Discharge, under Section 3-604, of the obligation of a party to pay an instrument does not discharge the obligation of an indorser or accommodation party having a right of recourse against the discharged party.
  • (c) If a person entitled to enforce an instrument agrees, with or without consideration, to an extension of the due date of the obligation of a party to pay the instrument, the extension discharges an indorser or accommodation party having a right of recourse against the party whose obligation is extended to the extent the indorser or accommodation party proves that the extension caused loss to the indorser or accommodation party with respect to the right of recourse.
  • (d) If a person entitled to enforce an instrument agrees, with or without consideration, to a material modification of the obligation of a party other than an extension of the due date, the modification discharges the obligation of an indorser or accommodation party having a right of recourse against the person whose obligation is modified to the extent the modification causes loss to the indorser or accommodation party with respect to the right of recourse. The loss suffered by the indorser or accommodation party as a result of the modification is equal to the amount of the right of recourse unless the person enforcing the instrument proves that no loss was caused by the modification or that the loss caused by the modification was an amount less than the amount of the right of recourse.
  • (e) If the obligation of a party to pay an instrument is secured by an interest in collateral and a person entitled to enforce the instrument impairs the value of the interest in collateral, the obligation of an indorser or accommodation party having a right of recourse against the obligor is discharged to the extent of the impairment. The value of an interest in collateral is impaired to the extent (i) the value of the interest is reduced to an amount less than the amount of the right of recourse of the party asserting discharge, or (ii) the reduction in value of the interest causes an increase in the amount by which the amount of the right of recourse exceeds the value of the interest. The burden of proving impairment is on the party asserting discharge.
  • (f) If the obligation of a party is secured by an interest in collateral not provided by an accommodation party and a person entitled to enforce the instrument impairs the value of the interest in collateral, the obligation of any party who is jointly and severally liable with respect to the secured obligation is discharged to the extent the impairment causes the party asserting discharge to pay more than that party would have been obliged to pay, taking into account rights of contribution, if impairment had not occurred. If the party asserting discharge is an accommodation party not entitled to discharge under subsection (e), the party is deemed to have a right to contribution based on joint and several liability rather than a right to reimbursement. The burden of proving impairment is on the party asserting discharge.
  • (g) Under subsection (e) or (f), impairing value of an interest in collateral includes (i) failure to obtain or maintain perfection or recordation of the interest in collateral, (ii) release of collateral without substitution of collateral of equal value, (iii) failure to perform a duty to preserve the value of collateral owed, under Article 9 or other law, to a debtor or surety or other person secondarily liable, or (iv) failure to comply with applicable law in disposing of collateral.
  • (h) An accommodation party is not discharged under subsection (c), (d), or (e) unless the person entitled to enforce the instrument knows of the accommodation or has notice under Section 3-419(c) that the instrument was signed for accommodation.
  • (i) A party is not discharged under this section if (i) the party asserting discharge consents to the event or conduct that is the basis of the discharge, or (ii) the instrument or a separate agreement of the party provides for waiver of discharge under this section either specifically or by general language indicating that parties waive defenses based on suretyship or impairment of collateral.

Uniform Commercial Code

U.C.C. – ARTICLE 3 – NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
..PART 4. LIABILITY OF PARTIES

§ 3-419. INSTRUMENTS SIGNED FOR ACCOMMODATION.

  • (a) If an instrument is issued for value given for the benefit of a party to the instrument (accommodated party“) and another party to the instrument (accommodation party“) signs the instrument for the purpose of incurring liability on the instrument without being a direct beneficiary of the value given for the instrument, the instrument is signed by the accommodation party “for accommodation.”
  • (b) An accommodation party may sign the instrument as maker, drawer, acceptor, or indorser and, subject to subsection (d), is obliged to pay the instrument in the capacity in which the accommodation party signs. The obligation of an accommodation party may be enforced notwithstanding any statute of frauds and whether or not the accommodation party receives consideration for the accommodation.
  • (c) A person signing an instrument is presumed to be an accommodation party and there is notice that the instrument is signed for accommodation if the signature is an anomalous indorsement or is accompanied by words indicating that the signer is acting as surety or guarantor with respect to the obligation of another party to the instrument. Except as provided in Section 3-605, the obligation of an accommodation party to pay the instrument is not affected by the fact that the person enforcing the obligation had notice when the instrument was taken by that person that the accommodation party signed the instrument for accommodation.
  • (d) If the signature of a party to an instrument is accompanied by words indicating unambiguously that the party is guaranteeing collection rather than payment of the obligation of another party to the instrument, the signer is obliged to pay the amount due on the instrument to a person entitled to enforce the instrument only if (i) execution of judgment against the other party has been returned unsatisfied, (ii) the other party is insolvent or in an insolvency proceeding, (iii) the other party cannot be served with process, or (iv) it is otherwise apparent that payment cannot be obtained from the other party.
  • (e) An accommodation party who pays the instrument is entitled to reimbursement from the accommodated party and is entitled to enforce the instrument against the accommodated party. An accommodated party who pays the instrument has no right of recourse against, and is not entitled to contribution from, an accommodation party.

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