Vengeancia (updated February 2014) “Thomas E. Woods, Jr., is the New York Times bestselling author of 11 books, including The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History and Meltdown (on the financial crisis). A senior fellow of the Ludwig von Mises Institute, Woods has appeared on MSNBC, CNBC, FOX News, FOX Business, C-SPAN, Bloomberg Television, and hundreds of radio programs…” Find out more about Tom Woods.
- Are you interested in history and economics from a pro-freedom perspective, but don’t know where to begin or which sources you can trust?
- Do you wish you could defend yourself more effectively in discussions with friends, family, and colleagues?
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“Personal property is considered to be lost if the owner has involuntarily parted with it and is ignorant of its location. Mislaid property is that which an owner intentionally places somewhere with the idea that he will eventually be able to find it again but subsequently forgets where it has been placed. Abandoned property is that to which the owner has intentionally relinquished all rights.
“Lost or mislaid property continues to be owned by the person who lost or mislaid it. When one finds lost goods, the finder is entitled to possession against everyone with the exception of the true owner.
“The finder of lost articles on land belonging to someone else is entitled to possession against everyone but the true owner, unless the finder is guilty of Trespass. The finder of misplaced goods has no right to their possession. The owner of the place where an article is mislaid has a right to the article against everyone but the true owner. Abandoned property can be possessed and owned by the first person who exercises dominion over it with an intent to claim it as his or her own. In any event, between the finder of a lost, mislaid, or abandoned article and the owner of the place where it is found, the law applies to whatever rule will most likely result in the return of the article to its rightful owner.” Read more.
Read about Due Process. CHAP. V. Of Property. Sec. 25. Whether we consider natural reason, which tells us, that men, being once born, have a right to their preservation, and consequently to meat and drink, and such other things as nature affords for their subsistence: or revelation, which gives us an account of those grants God made of the world to Adam, and to Noah, and his sons, it is very clear, that God, as king David says, Psal. cxv. 16. has given the earth to the children of men; given it to mankind in common.
“But this being supposed, it seems to some a very great difficulty, how any one should ever come to have a property in any thing: I will not content myself to answer, that if it be difficult to make out property, upon a supposition that God gave the world to Adam, and his posterity in common, it is impossible that any man, but one universal monarch, should have any property upon a supposition, that God gave the world to Adam, and his heirs in succession, exclusive of all the rest of his posterity. But I shall endeavour to shew, how men might come to have a property in several parts of that which God gave to mankind in common, and that without any express compact of all the commoners.” Read more from John Locke: Second Treatise, here.
Edward Mandell House (July 26, 1858 – March 28, 1938) was an American diplomat, politician, and presidential advisor. Commonly known by the title of Colonel House, although he had no military experience, he had enormous personal influence with U.S. President Woodrow Wilson as his foreign policy advisor until Wilson removed him in 1919.
Colonel House was also the founder of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) – in which Rockefeller is a permanent member – which has an enormous influence until today recruiting elite members in the world. Edward Mandell House is attributed with giving a very detailed outline of the New World Order plans that were to be implemented gradually over time to enslave the American people … a plan that has been repeated in Canada, Australia, Britain and elsewhere.
He stated, in a private meeting with Woodrow Wilson:
“Very soon, every American will be required to register their biological property (that’s you and your children) in a national system designed to keep track of the people and that will operate under the ancient system of pledging. By such methodology, we can compel people to submit to our agenda, which will affect our security as a charge back for our fiat paper currency. Every American will be forced to register or suffer being able to work and earn a living. They will be our chattels (property) and we will hold the security interest over them forever, by operation of the law merchant under the scheme of secured transactions.”
To paraphrase Shakespeare….to be or not to be chattel property? That is the question! Americans have CONSENTED to BE the chattel property of the Elite, subject to THEIR will, rather than to BE the People who ordained the Constitution, subject to the will of our Creator and fellow human beings. Check out Law School Outlines. Read more about Admiralty Law at Freedom School. Rules of language and presumption here. Admiralty and Maritime Law Guide here.
Done consenting to tyranny? Read about Stating Your Claim.
C4SS The disincentive to those in government to allow the Federal Reserve’s activities to be laid bare should, just based on Ron Paul’s statements, be obvious. How though, specifically, does the Federal Reserve – not a government agency, mind you, but a private, run-for-profit monopoly – actually function?
Let’s say the U.S. government needs to borrow $300 billion. That’s a small amount based on present government spending, but let’s use that figure hypothetically.
The Federal Reserve simply makes a log entry for that amount. They then write a check for $300 billion, and send it to a securities dealer. The securities dealer then issues the Federal Reserve a government security bond for the equivalent amount in U.S. government assets, in turn allegedly backed by the hollow “good faith” promises of the U.S. Congress, supposedly on behalf of all Americans, i.e., taxpayers. The securities dealer then deposits this check in his bank – a bank which is of course a member of the Federal Reserve System, as every one of them in America is. The bank then sends this check back to the Federal Reserve for payment. The Federal Reserve then credits the securities dealer’s account(s) $300 billion. The monies are then dispersed to the U.S. government.
The actual printing and shipment of Federal Reserve Notes, however, is not entirely without cost to the Federal Reserve. As of 1994, William H. Ferkler, Manager of Public Affairs for the U.S. Bureau of Engraving & Printing said:
“As we have advised, the Federal Reserve is currently paying the Bureau approximately $23 for each 1,000 notes printed. This does include the cost of printing, paper, ink, labor, etc. Therefore, 10,000 notes of any denomination, including the $100 note would cost the Federal Reserve $230. In addition, the Federal Reserve must secure a pledge of collateral equal to the face value of the notes.” Read more at C4SS
“There is a clear distinction between an individual and a corporation, in that the latter has no right to refuse to submit its books and papers for an examination at the suit of the State….The individual may stand upon his constitutional rights as a Citizen. He is entitled to carry on his private business in his own way. His power to contract is unlimited.He owes no duty to the State or to his neighbors to divulge his business or to open his doors to investigation, so far as it may tend to incriminate him…. He owes no duty to the State since he receives nothing therefrom beyond the protection of his life and property…. His rights are such as existed by the Law of the Land, long antecedent to the organization of the State, and can only be taken from him by due process of the law and in accordance with the Constitution. He owes nothing to the public so long as he does not trespass upon their rights.” Supreme Court, Hale vs. Henkle 201 U.S. 43 at 74; USC Title 26: Internal Revenue Code here.
“Examining the organization and function of the Federal Reserve Banks, and applying the relevant factors, we conclude that the Reserve Banks are not federal instrumentalities for purposes of the FTCA, but are independent, privately owned and locally controlled corporations.” Lewis vs. U.S., 680 F.2d 1239, 1241, 1982, here.
The term “fiduciary” is inclusive of persons who have the legal responsibility for managing another’s money; this includes investment committees of retirement plans, trustees of private trusts and investment advisors. In general, a fiduciary must act for the benefit of the individual to whom they owe fiduciary duties, to the exclusion of any contrary interest…
attorney-in-fact n. “someone specifically named by another through a written “power of attorney” to act for that person in the conduct of the appointer’s business. In a “general power of attorney” the attorney-in-fact can conduct all business or sign any document, and in a “special power of attorney” he/she can only sign documents or act in relation to special identified matters. Too often people sign themselves as attorney-in-fact for relatives or associates without any power of attorney. If someone claims to be able to sign for another, a demand to see the written power of attorney is reasonable and necessary. In real estate matters the power of attorney must be formally acknowledged before a notary public so that it can be recorded along with the real estate deed, deed of trust, mortgage, or other document.”
Summary Forfeiture: a forfeiture to the state of property without giving the owner opportunity to be heard. Anno: 17 ALR 574.
In law, a summary judgment is a judgment entered by a court for one party and against another party summarily, i.e., without a full trial. Such a judgment may be issued on the merits of an entire case, or on discrete issues in that case.
- A judgment in a summary proceeding, as one rendered pursuant to statute against the sureties on a bond furnished in an action. 50 Am J1st Suret § 209. A judgment in certain actions specified in the statute providing the remedy, rendered upon plaintiff’s motion, usually with supporting affidavits, upon the failure of the defendant to controvert the motion by filing an affidavit of defense or his failure to file an affidavit of defense or affidavit of merits sufficient to show the existence of a genuine issue of fact. 41 Am J1st Pl § 340.
- A motion for summary judgment is not a trial; on the contrary it assumes that scrutiny of the facts will disclose that the issues presented by the pleadings need not be tried because they are so patently insubstantial as not to be genuine issues at all. Consequently, as soon as it appears upon such a motion that there is really something to “try,” the judge must at once deny it and let the cause take its course in the usual way. Cohen v Eleven West 42nd Street (CA2 NY) 115 F2d 531.
“In admiralty and maritime proceedings process in rem or of maritime attachment and garnishment may be served only within the district.” Actions in REM and QUASI IN REM.
Quasi in rem (Latin, “as if against a thing”) is a legal term referring to a legal action based on property rights of a person who is absent from the jurisdiction. In the American legal system the state can assert power over an individual simply based on the fact that this individual has property (bank account, debt, share of stock, land) in the state.
A quasi in rem action is commonly used when jurisdiction over the defendant is unobtainable due to his/her absence from the state. Any judgment will affect only the property seized, as in personam jurisdiction is unobtainable….
In personam is a Latin phrase meaning “directed toward a particular person”. In a lawsuit in which the case is against a specific individual, that person must be served with a summons and complaint to give the court jurisdiction to try the case, and the judgment applies to that person and is called an “in personam judgment.”
In personam is distinguished from in rem, which applies to property or “all the world” instead of a specific person. This technical distinction is important to determine where to file a lawsuit and how to serve a defendant. In personam means that a judgment can be enforceable against the person wherever he/she is.
On the other hand, if the lawsuit is to determine title to property (in rem) then the action must be filed where the property exists and is only enforceable there. read more.
The following discussion was adapted from Land Rent: The Proof. A logical concept of property already exists, and is used in philosophy, mathematics, science and computing. Does logical property = economic property?
“Men did not make the earth … it is the value of the improvement only, and not the earth itself, that is individual property… Every proprietor owes to the community a ground rent for the land which he holds.” Thomas Paine
“In modern philosophy, and logic, a property is an attribute of an object; a red object is said to have the property of redness. The property may be considered a form of object in its own right, able to possess other properties. It differs from the logical concept of class by not having any concept of extensionality, and from the philosophical concept of class in that a property is considered to be distinct from the objects which possess it. Understanding how different individual entities (or particulars) can in some sense have some of the same properties is the basis of the problem of universals. The terms attribute and quality have similar meanings.” – Wikipedia, property (philosophy), retrieved 6th May 2011
The economic concept of property arises naturally from the following premises.
Premise 1: properties
- Any object is the sum of its properties, e.g. a square is a shape with four straight equal sides. The sides are its properties.
- A baker is defined as someone who creates baked goods: the creation of baked goods is her property
- Properties are measured by seeing what changes when a thing is not there, e.g. if somebody claims to be a baker. Does their presence or absence make any difference to the number of baked goods?
- Note that if you create something for money, the purchaser caused it: removing them causes the thing to not be made.
inference: ownership of labor
- A laborer’s labor is his own property
- Similarly, the laborer owns the properties of his labor: he owns the results, the things he makes.
inference: the results of work
- Properties also have properties.
- Everything is made of properties, and everything has properties, so even properties have properties.
- E.g. a laborer’s work has the property of creating goods.
- This confirms John Locke’s idea that we own our labor and its results.
inference: work for hire
- A cause may itself be a property
- If properties have properties, the cause of one property may itself be caused by something else.
- E.g. a laborer works (the work is his property), but the choice to work is caused by an employer.
- We can measure what part of the work is the property of each *see “measuring” above)
inference: ownership of value to the community
- If you add value to the community then that is your property
- This supports the common idea that private property is justified by its benefit to the community.
inference: moral responsibility
- Actions are properties.
- By the same logic we own our other actions, so we are responsible for our agreements.
inference: how to increase wealth
- If more of a thing exists then more of its properties exist. So If you want Y then you want X, because X causes Y e.g. if you want work, buy workers; if you want valuable land then buy people who make land valuable.
- the existence of an object depends on its properties
- e.g. humans depend on having food (for how food can become your property, see “trading” below).
- the properties therefore have have value to the object. E.g. food has value to a human. see “supply and demand” below for money and prices.
Premise 2: trading
- Properties can be changed e.g. changing color, changing the car you drive, etc.
inference: trade between people
- Properties can be exchanged. e.g. if I make shoes and you make bread, we may exchange so we both have shoes and bread.
- If I made extra shoes specifically because the baker offered bread, then the baker is the cause and thus they are her property.
- Note that exchanges may be probability based – e.g. you make something in the hope that some unknown person will later buy.
- money: Trade may involve many stages and many shared creators. A medium of exhange (money) greatly simplifies the calculations.
- supply and demand: To maximize value, people will pay as little as possible. So a price reflects the difficulty in obtaining, i.e. supply and demand.
inference: profit and loss
- Some changes increase or decrease a thing’s value
- note: in a perfectly efficient market, exchanges reduce profit to almost zero.
- However, wealth still increases because sunlight (a gift) powers food production, etc.
- Note the conservation of energy and laws of entropy in a closed system.
- “Wealth creation” trades in order to create value to individuals (e.g. from random materials to manufactured goods).
- time: Alternatives imply alternative universes, known as different points in time. Note that this logic does not imply that time flows, only that differences can be compared. Note that a trade may take years for its results to be seen – e.g. investment; some pollution.
- By changing someone else’s property we can reduce their value.
- We can call that theft.
Conclusion: logical property implies economic property
- And so we see that all the major elements of economic property are implied by logical property.
- So it is redundant to treat the two definitions as different: they are the same.
inference: tax on work is theft
- Tax on work reduces the value of another’s property and is therefore theft.
inference: (from property and trade): land rent
- If a man or woman increases the value of land, that value is his or her own property.
Will Grigg on stormtroopers.
Will Grigg on the reason SWAT teams exist .
Will Grigg on yet another make-believer terrorist.
You stand a good chance of being tortured, says Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on cop on cop.
They seek to repeal posse comitatus, says Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on the Kafkacrime of “resisting arrest without violence.”
Shooting taxpayers, without cause or consequence. Article by Will Grigg.
Or be assaulted in front of your children. Article by Will Grigg.
How the cops monetized the Megaload event. Article by Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on that verdict.
Will Grigg on the US police state.
Will Grigg on the latest worrying verdict.
For traffic violations. Article by Will Grigg.
And the duty to interpose. Article by Will Grigg.
It’s a labor-saving device for the cops, says Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on the latest “suspicious behavior.”
8 paladins of public order in Fullerton, California. Article by Will Grigg.
Kill the landlord. Article by Will Grigg.
Be a judge. Article by Will Grigg.
For the first time in 69 years. Article by Will Grigg.
Never trust him, says Will Grigg.
Via Einsatzgruppen. Article by William Grigg
Will Grigg on New Mexican revenge.
Will Grigg on police “qualified immunity.”
Will Grigg on the smell of fear.
It’s a government home invasion. Article by Will Grigg.
The better to run you over. Article by Will Grigg.
And thus can be killed. Article by Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on the Las Vegas PD.
Will Grigg on the ballooning US police state.
By cops. Article by Will Grigg.
It’s law enforcement time. Article by Will Grigg.
Just another day in SWAT-land. Article by Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on Nancy Pelosi.
Does the Assyrian empire sound familiar? Article by Will Grigg.
“Counter-Insurgency” warfare in Greenfield, California. Article by Will Grigg.
Yes, says Will Grigg. We live in a communist country.
They attack a tiny quilt artist . Article by Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on the militaristic occupiers.
Reporting them is a felony. Article by Will Grigg.
The police address another citizen. Article by Will Grigg.
Never the defendant. Article by Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on the police state.
He just had to kill a little girl as part of a home invasion.
Will Grigg on the FBI.
Will Grigg on the protected predator class.
Will Grigg on those protecting us from freedom and justice.
They attack her and seek to imprison her for their crimes. Article by Will Grigg.
Then the Palm Beach sheriff is coming for you.
Did it go off-script in Boston?
To the state, says the state. Article by Will Grigg.
To the state, says the state.
Will Grigg on the scheme.
Will Grigg on the scheme.
Submission is frequently fatal. Article by Will Grigg.
Submission is frequently fatal.
And rich drug prohibitionists. Article by Will Grigg.
And rich drug prohibitionists.
Then you must be an terrorist. Article by Will Grigg.
Then you must be a terrorist.
It’s another lie, says William Grigg.
It’s another lie, says William Grigg.
Another tyranny of the American Soyuz.
Will Grigg on the police chief.
Will Grigg on the feds’ “no hesitation” target practice.
Why not put your children in striped suits?
As the Chris Dorner matter shows.
Will Grigg on the gun violence you never hear about.
Don’t believe their lies about protecting your gun rights, says Will Grigg.
Will Grigg wants to know why it’s a crime.
When it comes to gun-rights, he remains a tool of the leviathan state, says William Grigg.
They’re all part of the regime, says Will Grigg.
Then welcome to the police chief’s chair, says Will Grigg.
For violating a secret “no-fly” zone.
Will Grigg on the police state in Portland.
Or does Will Grigg repeat himself?
Will Grigg on Jerrold Nadler (D-NYC).
Will Grigg on Soviet America.
For being a fully informed juror.
Will Grigg on Barbara Boxer.
Is that our future?
Will Grigg on “exemplary arrests.”
No presidential crocodile tears for them, says Will Grigg.
Ignore the massive role of the CIA.
Is it resisting arrest?
But seeking to punish it certainly is, says Will Grigg.
Against the Mundanes.
Will Grigg remembers the late Russell Means.
Will Grigg on a new Mormon bishop.
And other non-crimes the gang of thieves called government dislikes.
Will Grigg on the American police state.
Will Grigg on law enforcement.
Your safety is dirt.
Sure, says Will Grigg. For stopping police crime.
And “sovereign citizens.”
It’s corrupt bribery.
Will Grigg on Bidens and bikers.
And you’re the Taliban.
Will Grigg on the anti-Ron Paul GOP.
Oh, and OKC, too.
Will Grigg on National Socialist Germany, Fascist America, and Brandon Raub.
And resist it.
That’s your “duty,” says Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on cops.
And The Dark Knight Rises.
Will Grigg on the Aurora aftermath.
Will Grigg on how government justice punishes the innocent in Florida.
Once you’re on the “Terrorist Watch List,” you can’t get off.
Will Grigg on the actual US system.
Will Grigg on the increasing calls for conscription.
NH strikes a blow against Soviet-American justice, says Will Grigg.
Triggers SWAT team attack.
Especially when they kill, says Will Grigg.
Will Grigg on the newest weapon in the prohibitionist arsenal.
It can get you 13 years in jail.
Will Grigg on the “Battle” of Sand Creek.
And the rape of a county. Article by Will Grigg.
The terrorists have won.
Will Grigg on what has become an everyday evil.
God bless her for it, says Will Grigg.
Criticize the cops.
And the anti-human war on Sudafed.